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5.5: Power Calculations

  • Page ID
    716
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    When calculating the power dissipation of resistive components, use any one of the three power equations to derive the answer from values of voltage, current, and/or resistance pertaining to each component:

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    This is easily managed by adding another row to our familiar table of voltages, currents, and resistances:

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    Power for any particular table column can be found by the appropriate Ohm’s Law equation (appropriate based on what figures are present for E, I, and R in that column).

    An interesting rule for total power versus individual power is that it is additive for any configuration of circuit: series, parallel, series/parallel, or otherwise. Power is a measure of rate of work, and since power dissipated must equal the total power applied by the source(s) (as per the Law of Conservation of Energy in physics), circuit configuration has no effect on the mathematics.

    Review

    • Power is additive in any configuration of resistive circuit: PTotal = P1 + P2 + . . . Pn

    5.5: Power Calculations is shared under a GNU Free Documentation License 1.3 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Tony R. Kuphaldt via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.