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2: Judicial Process and Sentencing Practices for Misdemeanants, Felons and Juveniles

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    In most jurisdictions, the judge holds the responsibility of imposing criminal sentences on convicted offenders. Often, this is a difficult process that defines the application of simple sentencing principles. The latitude that a judge has in imposing sentences can vary widely from state to state. This is because state legislatures often set the minimum and maximum punishments for particular crimes in criminal statutes. The law also specifies alternatives to incarceration that a judge may use to tailor a sentence to an individual offender. 

    Key Terms:

    Presentence investigation report

    Victim impact statements 

    Proportionality Doctrine 

    Sentencing Hearing

    Concurrently or Consecutively Sentence


    Intensive Supervision Probation (ISP) 

    Boot Camps 


    Electronic Monitoring

    Day Fines

    Community Service 

    Asset Forfeiture

    Sentencing Guidelines

    Indeterminate sentencing 

    Determinate Sentence 

    Good Time 

    Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 

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