Many jurisdictions require that a presentence investigation take place before a sentence is handed down. Most of the time, the presentence investigation is conducted by a probation officer, and results in a presentence investigation report. This document describes the convict's education, employment record, criminal history, present offense, prospects for rehabilitation, and any personal issues, such as addiction, that may impact the court's decision. The report usually contains a recommendation as to the sentence that the court should impose. These reports are a major influence on the judge's final decision.