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4.1: Types of views used in drawings

  • Page ID
    3241
  • Types of views used in drawings

    The two main types of views (or “projections”) used in drawings are:

    • pictorial
    • orthographic

    Pictorial views

    Pictorial views show a 3-D view of how something should look when completed. There are three types of pictorial views:

    • perspective
    • isometric
    • oblique

    Perspective view

    A perspective view presents a building or an object just as it would look to you. A perspective view has a vanishing point; that is, lines that move away from you come together in the distance. For example, in Figure 1, we see a road and line of telephone poles. Even though the poles get smaller in their actual measurement, we recognize them as being the same size but more distant.

    perspectiveView.png
    1. Perspective view
      isometricView.png
    2. An isometric view
      obiqueView.png
    3. Oblique view of the object in Figure 2
      sketchOfEachSide.png
    4. Multi-view through a glass box
      pictorialToOrthoViews.png
    5. Box opened to produce orthographic views
      glassBoxFlattened.png
    6. Drawing with the glass box flattened out
      orthographicViews.png
    7. Orthographic views of the object in Figure 2
      mainFloorPlan.png
    8. Main floor plan of a house
      leftElevationHouse.png
    9. Left elevation of house in Figure 8
      L1F2_LT4_fig8.png
    10. Section A-A
      A-A.png
    11. Section A-A
      selfTest.png Now complete the Learning Task Self-Test.