# 2.2: Measurement and Conversion Charts

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Formulas for Exact Measurement
WHEN YOU KNOW: MULTIPLY BY: TO FIND:
Mass (weight) Ounces 28.35 grams
Pounds 0.45 kilograms
Grams 0.035 ounces
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Volume (capacity) Teaspoons 5.0 milliliters
Tablespoons 15.0 milliliters
Fluid Ounces 29.57 milliliters
Cups 0.24 liters
Pints 0.47 liters
Quarts 0.95 liters
Gallons 3.785 liters
Milliliters 0.034 fluid ounces
Temperature Fahrenheit 5/9 (after subtracting 32) Celsius
Celsius 9/5 (then add 32) Fahrenheit
Rounded Measurement for Quick Reference
1 oz.   = 30 g
4 oz.   = 120 g
8 oz.   = 240 g
16 oz. = 1 lb. = 480 g
32 oz. = 2 lb. = 960 g
36 oz. = 2¼ lb. = 1000 g (1 kg)
1/4 tsp. = 1/24 fl. oz. = 1 ml
½ tsp. = 1/12 fl. oz. = 2 ml
1 tsp. = 1/6 fl. oz. = 5 ml
1 Tbsp. = 1/2 fl. oz. = 15 ml
1 C. = 8 fl. oz. = 240 ml
2 c. (1 pt.) = 16 fl. oz. = 480 ml
4 c. (1 qt.) = 32 fl. oz. = 960 ml
4 qt. (1 gal.) = 128 fl. oz. = 3.75 It
32°F   = 0°c
122°F   = 50°c
212°F   = 100°c
Conversion Guides
1 gallon 4 quarts
8 pints
16 cups (8 fluid ounces)
128 fluid ounces
1 fifth bottle approximately 1 ½ pints or exactly 26.5 fluid ounces
1 measuring cup 8 fluid ounces (a coffee cup generally holds 6 fluid ounces)
1 large egg white 1 ounce (average)
1 lemon 1 to 1 ¼ fluid ounces of juice
1 orange 3 to 3½ fluid ounces of juice
Scoop Sizes
Scoop Number Level Measure
6 2/3 cup
8 1/2 cup
10 2/5 cup
12 1/3 cup
16 1/4 cup
20 3 1/5 tablespoons
24 2 2/3 tablespoons
30 2 1/5 tablespoons
40 1 3/5 tablespoons

*The number of the scoop determines the number of servings in each quart of a mixture: for example, with a No. 16 scoop, one quart of mixture will yield 16 servings.

Size Portion of a Cup Number per Quart Number per Liter
1 fl. oz. 1/8 32 34
2 fl. oz. 1/4 16 17
2 2/3 fl. oz. 1/3 12 13
4 fl. oz. 1/2 8 8.6
6 fl. oz. 3/4 5 1/3 5.7
Canned Goods
SIZE NO. OF CANS PER CASE AVERAGE WEIGHT AVERAGE NO. CUPS PER CAN
No.¼ 1 & 2 doz. 4 oz. 1/2
No.½ 8 8 oz. 1
No. 300 1 & 2 doz. 14 oz. 1 3/4
No. 1 tall (also known as 303) 2 & 4 doz. 16 oz. 2
No. 2 2 doz. 20 oz. 2 1/2
No. 2½ 2 doz. 28 oz. 3 1/2
No.3 2 doz. 33 oz. 4
No. 3 cylinder 1 doz. 46 oz. 5 2/3
No. 5 1 doz. 3 lb. 8 oz. 5 1/2
No. 10 6 6 lb. 10 oz. 13

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